Category Archives: Image of the Week

The Mystery of Mirror Systems in Kaleidoscopes Unfolded

Equilateral TriangleEquilateral TriangleThree equal sides
Three equal angles, always 60°
Scalene TriangleRight TriangleNo equal sides
No equal angles, one 90°
Isosceles TriangleIsosceles TriangleTwo equal sides
Two equal angles
Scalene TriangleIsosceles Right TriangleTwo equal sides
Two equal angles,  one 90°
  • The number and angles of mirrors inside kaleidoscopes determine the shape of the image you will see in a kaleidoscope.

2 Mirror Systems

  • A kaleidoscope with two mirrors will produce a round mandala and the angles of the mirrors will determine the number of points that you will see inside.
Angle of MirrorsFoldsPoints
90 Degrees42
60 Degrees63
45 Degrees84
36 Degrees105
30 Degrees126
25.7 Degrees147
22.5 Degrees168
20 Degrees189
18 Degrees2010
16.3 Degrees2211
15 Degrees2412
12 Degrees3015
10 Degrees3618
9 Degrees4020
6 Degrees6030
5 Degrees7236

We handmake our Color Spirit Kaleidoscopes using a 2 mirror system mirrors and a black matte board as the third side

our 2 mirrors are set at 30 degrees producing a 6 point interior mandala Image.

3 Mirror Systems

On the other hand, the most popular kaleidoscopes contain three mirrors, which will produce an entire field of patterns that are triangular in shape, The angles inside can be equilateral (three sides are all the same), or isosceles (two sides are the same, but a third is different, or a 30/60/90 degree triangle.

Be sure to check out the images shown on the page. A three-mirror system inside a kaleidoscope should equal 180 degrees, but any form of triangle. The images inside are continuous and rather honeycomb-like patterns. There are numerous examples of these on my website. One can see the equal sides reflecting the equilateral triangular mirrors inside on “Plum Blossom”:

3 mirror interior image

30 60 90 3 Mirror Systems

Likewise, you can see several examples of a kaleidoscope with an isosceles configuration. One rather inexpensive model has been a top seller for all ages, and is seen here Another especially enjoyable image is the 30/60/90 degree designed kaleidoscope. Such a kaleidoscope contains three types of symmetry: fourfold (from the 90 degree angle) sixfold (from the 60 degree angle) and 12-fold (from the 30 degree angle.)

3 Mirror Tapered Mirror Systems

this is a fun and unique interior image as it produces a 3 d Globe like image

4 Mirror Systems

There can be four mirrors inside a kaleidoscope, and are not seen as much as the 2 and 3 mirror kaleidoscopes. So, the number and differing angles of mirrors are determining the image inside! That is worth repeating, because it is one of the reasons that kaleidoscopes are revered and collected by many people. As mentioned in the first paragraph, there can even be four mirrors inside, which typically produces a long and narrow, square or rectangular image inside. An example of a four mirror can only be seen, but not purchased since it is a vintage 1985 model, by going to my website, The vintage kaleidoscope, “Brass 4 mirror” (era 1985) is by Apries La Pluie of France and is discontinued and not in stock, but is a wonderful example of a 4 mirror.

Polyangular Mirror Systems

Perhaps the most perfect symmetry and best images appear inside two-mirror kaleidoscopes when the angle between the mirrors divides equally into 360 degrees. Hopefully the following makes sense! Degrees Symmetry Points 60 6-fold 3 45 8-fold 4 36 10-fold 5 30 12-fold 6 22.5 16-fold 8 20 18-fold 9 18 20-fold 10 15 24-fold 12 Now, imagine if the designer can make one mirror of a two-mirror kaleidoscope change angles! It has been done! It’s called a polyangular (meaning many angles) kaleidoscope and is most elaborate and satisfying. A wide range of symmetrical patterns can be produced in a polyangular kaleidoscope! Steven Gray made many of them in the 2010s, and they are now quite collectable.

Unusual Mirror Systems and Creative use of reflective materials

As the mirror system is the heart of the kaleidoscope it is no wonder many artists have come up with some fun and verry different non traditional mirror systems.

So the sky is the limit here limited only to your creativity and available reflective materials.

Here is one artists Work Marc Tickle who through out his career produced many different and exciting Mirror systems

Artist Steven Gray was another artist pushing the creativity of Mirror sytems in his artwork.

The Wonder of Kaleidoscopes find Symmetry in Front Surface Mirrors.

Why are we so intrigued with kaleidoscopes? Do people really spend an hour looking at
the beauty within kaleidoscopes? How is it that such stunning images inside are possible? Why
does it work? People who purchase kaleidoscopes find them relaxing, colorful, and interesting.
Viewing a kaleidoscope is even more interesting when understanding how the image is made.
Sometimes when they find out how a kaleidoscope is made, they are somewhat disappointed in
the simplicity of the workings.

Colorful kaleidoscope
The Simple Recipe of a Kaleidoscope
Extraordinary kaleidoscopes are made by hand and show fine talent and techniques,
and the art of making them combines 10th century tradition with 21st century know-how. This
art has been studied, but the simple recipe was described by Cozy Baker in her books as
An eyepiece + 2 or 3 mirrors inside a tube x colorful objects = a beautiful image

The eyepiece of a kaleidoscope is better when large for viewing ease, and a tube holds 2 or 3
mirrors together inside. The mirrors are invisible to the eye, but they are the key to a lovely
image. The colorful objects at the opposite end of the eyepiece tumble when turned to create
the color and loveliness that are seen inside.
The Mirrors are Key
Ordinary mirrors aren’t used because they don’t create a clear image inside. The
kaleidoscope artist of today uses first- or front- surface mirrors, which are coated with a
reflective coating on the front surface. This clearer image is preferable to a fuzzy image just as
today’s TVs are made clearer now. Regular mirrors are coated on the rear surface, so light and
colors are reflected more than once and make the image fuzzier.
Karl Schilling has been cutting the very thin, first- or front- surface mirrors

for over 30 years after discovering this type of mirror. He can custom cut first – or front- surface for
other manufacturers needing precision-cut sizes. If you have need for first-surface mirror see
his website at give him a call at 641-4542068.
Watch for the difference between a two mirror versus three-mirror kaleidoscope in March on this blog.

Valentine’s Day Gift Ideas 2022

Yes, it’s time to think about Valentine’s Day Gift Ideas for 2022. (February 14 for the date challenged) which is only a few short weeks away! Don’t disappoint that special person by putting off a purchase and perhaps sadly forgetting. For your special lady, we might suggest the “Hearts and Flowers” sterling silver kaleidoscope necklaces, which are currently on sale for Valentine’s Day. This handmade wearable art by the kaleidoscope artisans Kevin and Deborah Healy shows the artistry of this talented husband and wife team. She will enjoy the brilliance of the kaleidoscope with the stunning, bright pieces of glass inside, including unique sea glass pieces that really add depth and dimension to the image. You can see a video of “Hearts and Flowers” and more information about this exclusive kaleidoscope necklace by clicking here:

Now, if you’re looking for a special guy, we have many other selections in brass or wood. You can shop in the comfort of your own home, in the snow and cold outside is frightful. For brass selections see this link,

and for wood kaleidoscopes for your special fellow see here.

And of course, don’t forget to get a few kaleidoscopes for the kids!

Have a Happy Valentine’s Day from All of us at Kaleidoscopes To You

Celebrating 40 Years of Selling Kaleidoscopes.

New Year and New Thoughts As 2022 begins, I am astonished to think about where I am now and how I got here. This year 2022 marks the 40th year of selling kaleidoscopes for my families income. My professional history started as a twelve-year-old becoming interested in stained glass as I watched a teacher cut glass. How time flies, was that over forty years ago? Dad and I attended stained glass classes together which began a lifelong interest in art. My college Bachelor of Fine art degree in Glass and Fine art Painting was financed with family-run, stained glass businesses which started at various travel destinations in the Midwest such as House on the Rock in Wisconsin, Red Wing, Minnesota, Mall of America in Minneapolis, Minnesota and historical Galena, Illinois. We found our niche in kaleidoscopes as we sold stained glass in these retail shops. We started making an article that I describe as, “I built businesses selling something no one needs! … but wants! ” should be added. We found that we couldn’t keep these kaleidoscopes in stock and so started selling other kaleidoscope artists’ works. Who wouldn’t admire Henry Bergesons’ “Turniton” or the Kittleson’s lovely “Paula’s Rapture”? Note these items are only available until sold since they are limited editions. We met many professional kaleidoscope artists as members of an organization called the Brewster Society. Thanks to my father, who taught Small Business Administration at the University of Wisconsin, we were blessed to have his internet and management expertise. Through internet sales, we soon started selling kaleidoscopes worldwide from a small town in North Central, rural Manly Iowa. My Dad advised me to develop my own line of kaleidoscopes, which resulted in production kaleidoscopes rather than limited editions so far, such as the “Color Spirit” line or the “DIY Discovery Kaleidoscope Kits” I would like to develop my own limited editions and have begun to do so. The world-wide pandemic of 2019 (and still going as of 2022) has affected my business in that I have been unable to receive all the inventory that I have ordered. Shipping costs have also increased which is a factor in pricing kaleidoscopes. One thing that has helped my business is being able to offer custom cut, specialized “first surface mirror” to companies needing special precisely cut sizes. An Australian company that manufactures medical Devices found my services. I can custom cut these specialized mirrors for them. My goal this year is to continue to provide good service to existing and new customers and hopefully survive this seemingly long pandemic! Happy new year 2022!

Long time, no post!

Karl and I are finally getting around to fixing a few things and bringing them up to speed!  That means our blog too!

While Facebook and Twitter are fast and furious, it’s nice to come back to this format of the blog where I can write more in depth and offer deeper details.  If you’re just catching us after a long break, we have developed a What’s New section on our website so it makes it easy for collectors and regular customers to come see what is fresh and new from artists as well as New Artists!


What’s New in Kaleidoscopes

And if you’re doing a double take because I’m actually getting a blog post written, we have a double view or binocular teleidoscope for you to see and experience now!

Leif Colson is creating these creative binocular style teleidoscopes that you can wear and enjoy!

Wooden Binocular Teleidoscope, in Maple By Lief Colson of Liefer's Look.


Goose Eggs and Kaleidoscopes

Every once in a while, I have some unusual items cross my desk.


Today, it’s goose eggs.  Not just any goose eggs, but goose eggs that have been meticulously cleaned, preserved, painted, lacquered and built into kaleidoscopes by Frank Casciani.


These kaleidoscope eggs are as extravagant as a modern day Faberge egg.  And as intricate inside with the fabulous 3 mirror system that creates a 5 point star within a kaleidoscopic quilt of color.  Frank selects gold along with regal colors of red or green for these marble and goose egg kaleidoscopes.


Frank has even created an interchangeable crown to hold an elegant art glass marble that you can exchange for different marbles of the same diameter.  Watch at this link where I demonstrate this elegant marble Kaleidoscope by Frank Casciani.

Gearing up for the Holidays!

Here at Kaleidoscopes To You, we are busy gearing up for the holidays by bringing in lots of kaleidoscopes to ship out to you and yours!


Kaleidoscopes make perfect stocking stuffers as you can even get the same size and type but in many different themes.  Take a look at the long list of Jazzy Kaleidoscopes.  This way everyone gets a similar size gift but all get different!

These kaleidoscopes also make wonderful party favors for celebrations of all kinds throughout the holidays.


And a lovely gift for your host are wine accessories by Vino Strumenti .  Especially when you do not know there preference for wine, these elegant wine tools always add to the occasion and make basic table red wine look and feel exceptional.  Take a look at the redesigned drip catchers too!



July Kaleidoscope Updates

July has brought heat and humidity to North Iowa.  Everything is very lush and green and as we approach late summer, the corn is tasseling and the grasses are going to seed.

The green growth is starting to put its energies into fruits and seeds.


And at Kaleidoscopes To You , we are putting our energies into updating our inventories and website.  When we have new pieces, we upload a link to the What’s New Section.  Here you can find our most recent uploads such as new designs by artists like these beautiful Egg Kaleidoscopes by Frank Casciani or vintage pieces that are new to us.


We are also catching up on some videos for demonstrating our kaleidoscopes as well.  Catch our most recent videos on our YouTube Channel.  Some fabulous pieces by Fumie Ino have recently arrived including some of her beautiful Japanese lacquerware.


Please enjoy browsing and seeing what is new this July at Kaleidoscopes To You.  We know that we enjoy browsing while relaxing within the comfort of air conditioning when the humidity is 90% and higher.

Spring Break Art and Kaleidoscope Travels

Spring Break for the Schilling Family was defined by One Place.  We were determined to get to Davenport before Tom Chouteau’s exhibit closed at the German American Heritage Museum closed.  Tom has been building large kaleidoscope installations for many years and the was able to incorporate some of his installations along with the history of German immigrant Charles Busch who produced Bush kaleidoscopes in the 1800’s in New England.


Here is a TripAdvisor  Review of Tom Chouteau’s Kaleidoscope Exhibit.


And here is a link to the antique Bush kaleidoscope we lent to the exhibit.

Vintage Bush Kaleidoscope

We were honored that we could lend such an important piece of history to this exhibit.

Another stop in the Quad Cities for us was the John Deere International Headquarters.

John Deere International Headquarters

Being architecture fans, we needed to experience the Eero Saarinen designed building and landscape.  Our kids had a great time climbing into the new tractors on the showroom and we really enjoyed the historical displays of letters and documents from the early years of the company.  The front building is designed as an elegant showroom and museum open to the public with a skyway over to the executive building.  The highlight was when the Docent realized we were there for the art and the architecture.  He took is into the lobby of the executive building where 4 stained glass panels were installed that illustrate the 4 seasons of agriculture.  These panels were from the original offices down at the Rock Island Arsenal.

Then.  He simply said “Follow me.”  And we followed back to the public space of the showroom.  And up the stairs at the north end.  Then he asked us to wait while he found the light switches.

Then we experienced the Auditorium designed by Eero Saarinen with original artwork by Grant Wood.  The auditorium feels like an elegant harpsichord with the white upholstery, wooden armrests and angular turns.

A large tryptich of fields by Grant Wood is the focus of the landing as you climb the steps to the auditorium.  Great and deep texturing in the plaster base creates the feeling of prairie grasses.

The lobby features 6 drawings by Grant Wood from 1936, the depths of the depression and Dust Bowl.  Drawn in pencil on Butcher Paper, these simple portraits still celebrate the promise of the bounty of the land.

It was a quick 2 day trip, but we hope that we continued to instill in our daughters the love of art in travel.  So even when we’re travelling, you can always find us here.

Easter Baskets! Kaleidoscopes Fit right IN!

Easter Egg Hunts and Easter Baskets.  The best part of being a kid at Easter.  Eggs and Candy everywhere and an early chance to get outside.  As you get older, like those middle school and teenage years, the thought of getting up for sunrise service doesn’t sound as fun.  But the joy for hunting for plastic eggs filled with chocolate eggs inside only lasts a few years.  Of course, I cannot resist a peanut butter filled chocolate egg. By the dozen. But if you are looking for an Easter idea without the risk of cavities or a sugar crash, think about a colorful kaleidoscope.

At Kaleidoscopes To You, we have many styles that are inspired by the oval shape of the egg perfect for an Easter Basket.  For the ultimate Easter surprise, look at the Faberge inspired kaleidoscope eggs by Frank Casciani.

Kaleidoscope Easter GiftsFor a moderate price but still an elegant look for an Easter Egg, look at the Rosewood egg kaleidoscope N & J Enterprises.


For the best interpretation of Easter within a kaleidoscope, enjoy sharing a Cross Embellished kaleidoscope necklace. An elegant statement of jewelry with a metal cross with beautiful colors within the kaleidoscope.  The joy of the risen Christ is all around us but a tiny bit is also contained within a kaleidoscope.